Film and TV show can facilitate people-to-people bonds

BUDAPEST, April 23 (Xinhua) — The Beijing Film and TV International Show inaugurated in the

Hungarian capital will enhance people-to-people bonds between Hungary and China, an Chinese official said here on Tuesday.

“Within the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, more and more Chinese film and TV producti

on have become accessible for Hungarians,” said Wang Wei, director of the department of plan

ning and development, Beijing Municipal Radio and Television Bureau, at the opening of the show.

“This kind of cultural exchange can facilitate people-to-people bonds between Hungary and China

and will create a solid base for further cooperation between the two countries,” he stressed.

Maria Pap, an official from Hungarian National Tourist Office, said: “Budapest is a very important tourist att

raction and destination here in Central Europe. I am delighted to see more and more Chinese tourists coming to Hungary.”

She added that Budapest is a very important and beloved spot for film produc

ers, and more and more international film producers have chosen Budapest as their shooting place.

The Show kicked off with performances from Hungarian dancers and pop sing

ers, before showing trailers of the most exciting Chinese productions to Hungarian spectators.

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These old TV series are such classics, that the storyli

lines and the acting were not the problem,” says Pei Yinxiang, an IT engineer from Youku. “There was something wrong with the quality of the images.”

While vintage roles and stories may be able to survive the test of time,

the pictures cannot. When the blurred images and dark colors flicker onto the scree

ns of modern digital devices, which are set up for high-definition viewing, the viewers’ lukewarm response was easy to predict.

“The original tapes were often scratched or tarnished by mildew after being stored for such a lo

ng time,” Pei explains. “You can imagine what they will look like on online streaming media.”

Consequently, Youku launched a project to digitally restore these old drama series in November.

While the restoration of old films is commonplace in the movie indus

try, this kind of work on TV series is rare in China, largely because of the length of time it takes.

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In a large-scale randomized clinical study over a period

 of eight years, Ma found Chinese patients with advanced nasopharyngeal cancer suffered more side

effects than benefits from the additional chemotherapy, which cost about 13,400 yuan ($2,000) per patient.

The findings, published in the journal Lancet Oncology in 2012, drew the attention of

Western experts, and the United States and Europe revised their treatment guidelines.

More recently, Ma added a new drug to the original dual drug ch

emotherapy regimen, and moved post-radiotherapy chemotherapy to pre-radiotherapy.

In another clinical study of 480 cases, Ma and his team found th

at this regimen increased the five-year survival rate of patients by 8 percent.

The nasopharynx is in the upper part of the pharynx behind the nose, connecting the nostr

ils and throat. The location makes it hard for doctors to operate, so radiotherapy is the first choice

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Ma described the early radiation as carpet bombing, sayin

g it causes collateral damage in the area around the tumor. A “satellite map” is needed for a precision strike, he said.

Ma and his team put forward an individualized irradiation range and dose standard for radi

otherapy. The result is a clear picture showing high – and low-risk areas, which then allows dose stratification.

In 2014, an atlas of organs at risk in nasopharyngeal cancer patients was published in

Radiotherapy and Oncology. It suggested tailoring both radiation doses and targets, and setting a reco

mmended safety dose for protecting 33 normal organs around the nasopharynx.

Today, the five-year overall survival rate for patients exceeds 80 percent at Sun Yat-sen Uni

versity Cancer Center, while the rate of severe side effects from radiotherapy has dropped by 24 percent.

Ma, who has won China’s National Science and Technology Award twice with his team, is grateful to more than 10,000

patients who have participated in his research, saying their courage is behind the progress in the treatment.

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Environmental inspections show their effectiveness

More officials have been held to account for violations found in central environmental inspections, raising the total nu

mber of punished officials to more than 12,000, according to the country’s top environmental watchdog.

Most recently, 1,035 officials from eight provincial regions, including Jilin, Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces, were called t

o account for their involvement in 89 environmental violations uncovered in the fourth round of inspections from Augu

st to September 2017, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment said in a news release on Monday.

Among the officials, 218 are in positions at the prefecture level, which is just below

ministerial level, and 320 hold posts equivalent to county head, the ministry said.

While 296 of the officials were summoned, 773 were punished by administrative or Party disciplinary agencies, i

ncluding receiving demerits or warnings that will bar them from promotion for a period of time.

Two officials were transferred to judicial authorities.

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The Belt and Road Initiative originated in China, but

 it belongs to the world. It is rooted in history, but oriented toward the future. It focuses on Asia, Euro

pe and Africa, but is open to all partners. It spans different countries and regions, different stages of devel

opment, different historical traditions, different cultures and religions, and different customs and lifestyles. It is an

initiative for peaceful development and economic cooperation, rather than a geopolitical or military alliance. It is a proces

s of open, inclusive and common development, not an exclusionary bloc or a “China club”. It neither differentiates between countries b

y ideology nor plays the zero-sum game. Countries are welcome to join in the initiative if they so will.

The Belt and Road Initiative upholds the principles of extensive consult

ation, joint contribution, and shared benefits. It follows a Silk Road spirit featuring peace and c

ooperation, openness and inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit. It focuses on policy co

ordination, connectivity of infrastructure, unimpeded trade, financial integrati

on, and closer people-to-people ties. It has turned ideas into actions and vision into reality, and the initiat

ive itself into a public product widely welcomed by the international community.

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n April 2017, for example, the company took technol

ogy giant Tencent to court and asked for 180,000 yuan in compensation after Tencent us

ed nine Visual China Group images without permission, Beijing Youth Daily reported.

Tencent said the images involved could also be found on other webs

ites, or the company could not prove it had authorization for the photos. The court fina

lly ordered Tencent to pay 40,000 yuan to Visual China, the report added.

Wang Weiwei, a lawyer from the Beijing Zhongwen Law Firm, sai

d, “Mushrooming copyright-related disputes can be acceptable if a stock-ima

ge agency, such as Visual China Group, gets authorization for images from copyright owners.

“Any litigation caused by true copyright infringement is no problem and is justifie

d, as it is also to help protect the legitimate rights and interest of the copyright owners,” he said.

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But if the stock-image platform doesn’t get authoriza

ion but still asks for compensation by resorting to litigation, I think such behavior may be an alleged fraud,” he said.

The core of the problem lies in whether stock-image providers get authorization from copyright owners, he added.

Zhao Zhanling, a legal researcher who specializes in intellectual p

roperty cases at the China University of Political Science and Law, agreed, but said copyri

ght owners and institutes given copyright authorization should respect this right and not abuse it for gain.

He said stock-image companies need to make authorization a priority in their opera

tions and pay more effort to finding a balance between commercial interest and public interest.

The litigation right that is to safeguard copyrights must not be abused, he added.

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Pan Juanjuan, another IP attorney from DeHeng Law Offic

es in Shanghai, called for stock image providers to give stricter self-examinatio

ns on their source of copyrights, “as the unclear source could also bring them a string of disputes”.

She said some stock image platforms that file a lawsuit for one image improperly used

remains controversial, adding it is believed to be a waste of judicial resources.

“One company might have improperly used a dozen of pictures on social media then it will face a doz

en of lawsuits. The amount of litigations will be huge for judicial resources to tackle,” she explained.

She said she hopes a stock image company, regulated with clear authorization, can resort more to non-litiga

tion solutions when dealing with infringement, for example, through negotiation and mediation.

To better regulate the image copyright market and balance the commercial providers, she also suggested the public to

set up a shared platform of stock image where uses, authors and content creators can authorize each other.

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Tesla probes car self-ignition case in Shanghai

US auto giant Tesla said on April 22 that no one was hurt in a vehicle se

lf-ignition accident at an underground garage in Shanghai and it has sent a team to the scene.

According to the Xinmin Evening News, the self-ignition of a white Tesla sedan took

place at about 8 pm on April 21 at a community garage in Shanghai’s Xuhui district, whe

re residents living in the apartment building were evacuated following the accident.

Footage caught on a surveillance camera showed that thick smoke ro

se from the car, followed by huge flames. Cars parked nearby were also damaged.

Due to the irritating odor, firefighters closed the en

trance of the garage to spray water before going inside to clear out the fire.

Tesla said on its official micro blog that it has alerted related agencies and was cooperative in verifying the incident.

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